WASH Plan


Safe Drinking water and Ecological sanitation in five villages of Sethubavachattram block,Tanjore district, Tamilnadu
1 location in India
Focus: Sanitation - Households; Water Purification
Implementation dates: September 1, 2011 to May 31, 2012
Planned impact: 750 people
Status: Approved Accepted
$31,646 estimated project cost
$22,587 requested
$20,000 funded to date
Peer Review Average Score: 8
6 reviews submitted
7 discussion participants

Summary

Construction of ECOSAN toilets and distribution of Siphon water filters for 75 families to ensure Eco-sanitation and safe drinking water in Kazhanikottai, Veeriyankottai, Saanthanpettai, Pudukudiyirrupu and Masakadu villages of Sethubavachatram block

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Background

In rural Villages of Tamilnadu open defecation is a common practise and the 5 villages chosen for are not an exceptional one. In these 5 villages, only 2-5% of the households have toilet facilities. It is important to sensitize people on the importance of safe disposal of human excreta.

During the preliminary survey conducted, it was expressed by the participants in one of the villages that during rainy season they face more difficulties due to open defecation -they have to travel long distance and cross the river for defecation and also spread of diseases due to contamination of water.

The present situation is not favorable to the girls and women in these 5 villages to perform the day-to-day defecation and to urinate in a safe and private place. Similarly due to contaminated drinking water, particularly, during rainy seasons has resulted in the spread of diarrohea, dysentry, etc.,

Files

Location

Safe Drinking water and Ecological sanitation in five villages of Sethubavachattram block,Tanjore district, Tamilnadu

Sethubavachatram block, India

Impact

Focus

Primary focus:
Sanitation - Households
Secondary focus:
Water Purification

People Getting Safe Drinking Water

375

75 families will be provided with Siphon water filters to ensure safe drinking water.

People Getting Sanitation

375

75 families will be benefitted.

Schoolchildren Getting Water

0

People Getting Other Benefits

The masons will be trained under the project in the construction of ECOSAN toilets. Awareness meetings will be conducted on the importance of ecological sanitation and safe drinking water.

Implementation

Application type:
project
Start date:
September 1, 2011
Completion date:
May 31, 2012

Technology Used

In conventional flush out toilets, it requires large quantity of water for flushing and for transporting the excreta into a septic tank. Moreover, the septic tanks are emptied into the nearby water bodies and thereby resulting in the contamination of the water resources. In the ECOSAN toilets, the night soil is composted and disposed of as manure to enrich the soil.

Since the selected 5 villages are located in the coastal belt wherein the shallow water table will be contaminated, particularly during the rainy season, and the construction of ECOSAN toilet will be the only solution in these coastal villages.

Also, the beneficiaries will be introduced with the Siphon water filters to ensure safe drinking water. This Water Filter of cheap cost is being manufactured by Basic Water Needs India Pvt Ltd, Auroville and is being effectively utilised in the Schools and funded under PWX.

Awareness meetings will be conducted intensively for the women SHG members in which the benefits of ECOSAN toilets will be explained. Video films on importance of safe drinking water, Sanitation and ECOSAN toilets will be projected in these five villages.

Separate Trainings will be organised for the masons and the beneficiaries followed by exposure visits to the existing ECOSAN toilets in Kazhanivasal Village, Sethubavachatram block under the PWX project.

The women beneficiaries will be arranged for the loan towards their contribution from their group for the construction of the ECOSAN toilets.

Phases

In one Phase

Community Organization

The beneficiaries will be selected in consultation with the village panchayath, women SHGs and village leaders. The ECOSAN toilets will be constructed for individual households in their owned area. Further, the participants contribute nearly 15% towards the construction of toilet and for the water filter.

The project is to be implemented involving the women SHG members who were associated with this NGO since 2001 and with their support this project will be implemented in a participatory way by involving them in all aspects of this project – planning, execution and monitoring.

The women have voluntarily opted to contribute Rs. 3000 per toilet towards their contribution.

Hence, the ownership of the assets created under this project will be with the community members.

Government Interaction

The District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) will be involved in the implementation of the project. The DRDA will be approached to obtain the subsidy component of Rs. 2300 per toilet.

Ancillary Activities

Atleast 5 masons will be trained in the construction of ECOSAN toilets.

Awareness camps in Schools will be conducted on the importance of Ecological Sanitation and Safe Drinking water.

Other Issues

There is no information about other issues currently available for this plan.

Sustainability

Maintenance Revenue

There is no information about maintenance revenue currently available for this plan.

Maintenance Cost

$0

Metrics

Prior art before metrics

Financial

Cost

$31,646

Budget attached

Co-funding

$3,876

Subsidy amount of Rs. 2300 per toilet will be obtained from the DRDA, Tamilnadu

Community Contribution

$5,183

The women beneficiaries/family will contribute Rs. 3000 for toilet and Rs. 50 for water filter.

Funds Requested

$22,587

Files

Discussion

marketing of the manure and funds from elsewhere
A. It is impressive to see here http://peerwater.org/proj_reports/402/attachments/2983 that the manure is already being purchased by a dutch lady. (1) Does she live in India or is she going to take it to her country?

(2). What is the cost per kg of the manure since collecting cost is Rs.2500/-? Is there any local demand for the manure?

B. Contribution by the community of Rs. 3000 per toilet is also impressive.
(1) How long are the SHGs formed? (2) How many members are there in each SHG? Good to see the government involvement. (3) Is there any scheme followed by the DRDA that they will contribute Rs. 2300 per toilet?
Posted by Meera Hira-Smith, Project Well, on July 16, 2011 at 9:36pm
marketing of the manure and funds from elsewhere
Dear Meera Hira-Smith,
Ms. Alice de Jonge a freelance consultant in Sustainable Agriculture lives in a small house with backyard in Tamilnadu and she has purchased the manure for her Kitchen Garden, The price was not fixed. Approximately it was calculated that it would weigh around 35-40 Kg and she paid Rs. 200 (@Rs 5 per Kg). It is an initiative. There is a demand from the farms of Aurobindo Ashram, Pondicherry.

The collecting cost is negligible in the ECOSAN toilet (just to open the chamber and then close it with cement after the removal of the compost). May be around Rs. 50.

The collection cost in the flush out toilet (from the Septic tank) is Rs. 2,500 -3,000.

The SHGs are of 8 years old. In each SHG there are 12-20 members.

There is a scheme in DRDA under the Total Sanitation Campaign programme wherein they provide Rs 2300 per toilet in Tamilnadu and Rs 2500 per toilet in Pondicherry as subsidy. However, we are yet to receive the subsidy amount from Tamilnadu for the 20 ECOSAN toilets constructed earlier with PWX funding. The officials in Tanjore and Puducherry are insisting that only flush out toilets has to be constructed under the scheme.

regards
AR. Natarajan

Posted by AR. Natarajan, Ekoventure, on July 16, 2011 at 10:48pm Submitter Comment
Contribution amount
Dear reviewers,

In the previous funding cycle we have got funds for the construction 50 nos of ECOSAN toilets in Puducherry with community contribution of Rs 2,500 per toilet. Also, HPPI NGO got funds for the construction of ECOSAN toilets, with community contribution of Rs. 1000 per toilet.

The proposed villages of both the projects are close to each other and this has created a conflict in the working villages of Ekoventure. The community members are opposing for the contribution collection of Rs. 2500. However, we have managed to convince them and we had started the work in 2 villages.

During this current funding cycle, HPPI has submitted similar proposal with community contribution of Rs 1,500 per toilet contrary to Ekoventure's collection of Rs. 2,500 per toilet in Puducherry and Rs 3,000 per toilet in Tamilnadu.

Hence, it is requested that we may be permitted to revise the budget with community contribution of Rs 1,500 per toilet in order to avoid further conflicts.

regards

Pushpalatha

Posted by S. Pushpalatha, Ekoventure, on July 17, 2011 at 12:19am Submitter Comment
Contribution amount
HPPI has withdrawn their application so we should go ahead with your initial budget.
Posted by Rajesh Shah, Blue Planet Network, on July 24, 2011 at 11:49pm
Contribution amount
Ok Rajesh. We have retained the budget as such.

regards

Pushpalatha
Posted by S. Pushpalatha, Ekoventure, on July 25, 2011 at 9:08pm Submitter Comment
Good morning,

How does the Siphon technology work? Also, the summary states that safe water and sanitation awareness meetings will be held to stress the need for both. However, will any hygiene educational trainings or trainings in water source protection, safe water protection, etc, be held?

Thanks,
Jamin Peck
Pure Water for the World
Posted by Carolyn Meub, Pure Water for the World, on July 18, 2011 at 7:33am
Dear Jamin Peck,
Greetings.

I apologise for the delayed response.

Mr. Klas van der Ven from Basic Water Needs Foundation (www.basicwaterneedsfoundation.org), The Netherlands had started the production of these filters in India near Auroville during 2008 and now have improved the filters on various aspects like use of different tubes, shape of bulb that regulates the water, etc.,

The day-to-day maintenance of these filters is simple. It requires backwash once in 3 days or once in a week depending on the type of water (more muddy or normal) we filter. All the spare parts are available in the production unit itself. Kindly refer the leaflet uploaded in our profile about the maintenance of the filters.


Awareness meetings for the community members will be organised on safe water and sanitation. Video films on hygiene will be projected in community meetings, women self help group meetings and in Schools located in the project villages. Further, Hand wash camps will be organised in Schools.

Training programmes will be organised for the community members who offer to construct ECOSAN toilets, on the importance of dry toilets, regular usage and maintenance.

regards

Pushpalatha
Posted by S. Pushpalatha, Ekoventure, on July 24, 2011 at 7:35pm Submitter Comment
Re: filters
What is the cost of replacement of the main candle. I believe it is affordable, but has your experience shown that they will replace on their own on time?

From a sustainability perspective (knowing your interest in solid waste management), can the filter element be returned and reused?

Regards,
Rajesh
Posted by Rajesh Shah, Blue Planet Network, on July 25, 2011 at 12:10am
Re: filters
The cost of the main candle is Rs. 65 (or approx 2USD). During our regular monitoring visits, we advise the members to replace the candle whenever found necessary and we only arrange to replace (after collecting the amount from the member). This is certainly a tedious job as some of the members never replace the candle for a long time even after repeated reminders or they would expect us to replace at free of cost.

We have not thought of reusing the filter so far. We will consult the production organisation and explore the possibilities.


regards

Pushpalatha
Posted by S. Pushpalatha, Ekoventure, on July 25, 2011 at 9:17pm Submitter Comment
Comost disbursement
Your proposal has covered all the components for smooth implementation.

Could you pl. explain whether the ecosan compost already used for either agriculture or any other purpose?

If u have any tested report regarding the availability of fertilizer in the compost, you can explain.

Thanks,

Dhanam



Posted by Juergen Puetz, PALMYRA, on July 19, 2011 at 10:42pm
Comost disbursement
Dear Dhanam,

Greetings.

The first ECOSAN toilet chamber was opened recently and the entire compost was used by the owner for the trees planted in her backyard. The compost obtained from the second chamber was sold to Ms. Alice de jonge similarly for the Kitchen Garden.

After receiving the feed back we will document the results.

Further, we have not tested on the nutrient contents of the compost. We will arrange to test when we open the other ECOSAN toilets that we have constructed.

regards

Pushpalatha
Posted by S. Pushpalatha, Ekoventure, on July 24, 2011 at 7:39pm Submitter Comment
Monitoring Hygiene Behavior Change with respect to Gender
I like your proposal as it addresses access, affordability and gender issues. On the latter, I want to know how you will monitor hygiene behavior change, especially among women participants?

Sincerely,
James
Posted by Per Ljung, East Meets West, an affiliate of Thrive Networks, on July 20, 2011 at 1:17am
Monitoring Hygiene Behavior Change with respect to Gender
Same question as above, but only please include any indicators you are measuring.
Posted by Per Ljung, East Meets West, an affiliate of Thrive Networks, on July 20, 2011 at 1:17am
Monitoring Hygiene Behavior Change with respect to Gender
Dear James Dien Bui,

Greetings.

I apologise for the delayed response.

The community members for the construction of ECOSAN toilets at their houses will be selected from the women self help groups functioning in their respective villages.

The women self help groups conduct regular weekly/monthly meetings for savings and loan disbursement. We have made arrangements that the selected women beneficiaries will get a loan (repayment of equal monthly instalments) towards their contribution amount.

Thus, in the meetings the status of ECOSAN toilets will be discussed. Also, regular visits of field staff will help to observe the hygiene behavioural change.

regards
Pushpalatha
Posted by S. Pushpalatha, Ekoventure, on July 24, 2011 at 7:48pm Submitter Comment
Re: Monitoring Hygiene Behavior Change with respect to Gender
Please clarify this a bit more. Ekoventure is giving them a loan? Have you done this in the past? What is the repayment rate?

If the DRDA amounts are not being received, it appears a big hit to the finances? Is Ekoventure holding this loss?

Also, please answer James' question with the specific indicators/data you are measuring. How are you tracking/displaying/sharing?

Thanks,
Rajesh
Posted by Rajesh Shah, Blue Planet Network, on July 25, 2011 at 12:14am
Re: Monitoring Hygiene Behavior Change with respect to Gender
The selected woman participant is a member of the SHG. The SHG provides loan to the member for the construction of toilet based on the recommendations of Ekoventure. The interest rate is 2% per month. This interest amount will be partly utilised for the administration of the SHG and at the end of the 3rd or 5th year the accumuated interest amount is shared among the group members.
We have successfully arranged to get the subsidy amount for the beneficiaries in our earlier project implemented in the Villupuram District, Tamilnadu. However, The DRDA subsidy for the 20 nos of toilets constructed earlier is yet to be received. We are taking necessary steps to get the amount released.

The amount pertaining to the subsidy from DRDA was also contributed from the beneficiaries. Hence, the subsidy amount will be directly received by the beneficiaries. Ekoventure will facilitate the process.

The regular use of the toilet by the family is monitored on fortnightly intervals in the initial stage and on monthly intervals during the latter period.
cleanliness of the toilet, Odour from the toilet, filling of the chambers, change of chambers after the completion of the 1st chamber, maintenance of delivery pipelines of the washwater and urine are the parameters that are recorded during the visits.

We are maintaining a register on the performance of the 20 ECOSAN toilets constructed earlier under PWX funding.

regards

Pushpalatha





Posted by S. Pushpalatha, Ekoventure, on July 25, 2011 at 9:47pm Submitter Comment
Reporting progress
This is a very clear and detailed proposal and clearly based on experience.

Having also a couple of visits, i saw first hand the good work you are doing.

My main request is regarding reporting: frequently, clearly. Can be brief, but i would like to see the use of this platform (clearly the 'training' was not very effective) to track everything including delays.

Thanks,
Rajesh
Posted by Rajesh Shah, Blue Planet Network, on July 25, 2011 at 12:17am
Reporting progress
Dear Rajesh,

We will certainly improve our reporting - will make reports regularly to be uploaded as when the activities are performed.

regards

Pushpalatha
Posted by S. Pushpalatha, Ekoventure, on July 25, 2011 at 9:50pm Submitter Comment

Ratings

8
The tracking system is not clear to assess the current status of the historical projects. As years pass water sources and toilets, flush or ecosan, would run down due to poor maintenance. Several issues like mismanagement, community contributions and as the implementers pull out the projects may also result in closing down of projects. It is advisable to give a status report of all the historical projects in the background section perhaps or upload reports during the next application round as Project Well publishes brief report in the annual newsletter.
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9
The project model is a strong one in that it focuses both on clean water and sanitation with a decent cost-benefit ratio. Further, it leverages community contribution at 15%, which is a good starting point while mainentance cost is minimal. I still would like to see a strong monitoring and evaluation plan for operations & maintenance.
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8
This is a thorough proposal which covers different areas of need.The incorporation of community members as a vital part of the project and hygiene education for men, women and children is a key aspect of this project.
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7
Project seems well thought-through and sustainable, built on learnings from past experiences. It only seems a lite weak in the area of monitoring, especially with regards to hygiene and water.
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7
Project and approach is solid.
Concern with the communication flow during the implementation process and long-term evaluation.
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9
This project has covered all the components with community participation. Creation of sanitation facility is important for the coastal region to prevent the land and water. This project can be supported.
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