Its community based viable model to improve water quality, sanitation and public health in rural areas through low-cost sewage systems. Together Association has improved the traditional one chamber, stand-alone septic tank that serves one household by off
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Egypt’s main source of freshwater is the Nile River. The river supplies 56.8 billion m³ of freshwater every year, which represents 97 % of all renewable water resources in Egypt. Average rainfall in Egypt is estimated at 18 mm or 1.8 billion m³ per year. Furthermore, Egypt has four different groundwater aquifers: the Nile Aquifer, the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer, the Moghra Aquifer and the Coastal Aquifer.
These figures give the impression that Egypt is a water rich country and for the last 15 years, the vast majority of villages in the Minya Governorate (Upper Egypt) have been gradually connected to the drinking water network, leading to a significant increase of water consumption. While this has been a generally pleasing development, the increasing supply of water unfortunately has not been coupled with the necessary installation of related sanitation systems. This is because the high costs for government-proposed sewage systems (up-front investment of roughly $450 per citizen) often turn out to be too high for the small rural communities making up a majority of the Minya Governorate. Furthermore, widespread poverty and low levels of education have often prevented the rapid adoption of appropriate technologies through local initiatives or the private sector.
Going forward, the ministry's ten year development plan of 2010 continues to aim at delivering drinking water to villages, but does not sufficiently focus on developing the corresponding sanitation systems which are required. This is highly critical, because the free discharge of wastewater in streets and canals brings about serious consequences for the communities, such as the pollution of the ground and irrigation waters, damage to the foundations of buildings, and spread of harmful insects. As a result the proliferation of diseases is fostered, the local economy is negatively impacted (fewer days worked, bad harvests due to pollution) and social tensions among the villagers are created. The low quality of life and deterioration of the environment in the majority of rural areas in Egypt has also contributed to a loss of pride and sense of belonging to one's village and has accelerated the rural exodus.
Clean Environment by Creating Sewage System for Rural Egyptian Community
Malawi district , Egypt
300 householders needed to be connected with water
1000 houses (the whole community citizens)
500 houses in neighbor village
Preventing the groundwater from pollution that resulted from the use of poor communities to the old methods to get rid of wastewater and toilet's waste ,also improve the quality of overall environment ,maintain health and reduce the incidence of diseases through the implementation of low –cost sanitation model to apply in various locations ( rural areas / random hamlets ) and also reuse the sanitation's treated water in irrigation.
1. House connection: is a Pipe a connection between any house and the gravity pipe system, to dispose wastewater from the house to collection system.
2. Gravity lines: implemented in the streets to collect wastewater from houses.
3. Lift station: A concrete underground sump to collect wastewater and pump it to wastewater treatment plant
4. Force main: the pipe that delivery wastewater from the lift station to the treatment plant
5. Treatment plant: It located on the drain and used natural simple way to treat wastewater.
The project divided into three phases
1- Phase one (Community adaption)3 months
2- Phase two (Constructions and house connections)6 months
3- Phase three ( Operation the model)
Through Together Association strategy in working into communities to ensure sustainability from the earlier stages of our projects by two ways.
1- Establish new community based association from the villagers whom interested with the project and supported the idea, build their capacities to follow up on the constructions , collect the community contributions and manage and maintain the system in-cooperation with TA and by their own selves after the end of the project.
2- Or if the association is already founded TA take the same previous procedures of built their capacities and trained them and cooperate with them through the project phases.
The government in Egypt will be involved and supported the project in several ways.
1-Give the needed licenses for constructions' work in case that all the work on agriculture lands and it always being governmental appropriate (Ministry of agriculture).
2- Supervise the operation of the system to ensure the quality of its capacity (Ministry of irrigation).
3- The needed approvals for TA to work in a this grant from the Ministry of Solidarity
The project consists of Ancillary Activities such as.
1- Health campaigns to heal and check the diseases between the community citizens.
2- Awareness campaigns for the women house holders to aware them with the advantages of the new system and how to deal with it.
3- Culture campaigns for the community children to educate them about the new technology and the civilized traditions.
? Improved public health in the local community, mainly because of the availability of better sanitation and a safer water supply.
? Lower costs for communities compared to government-proposed sewage systems that often call for massive investments, thus increasing the likelihood that a community will actually be able to develop a system that meets its inhabitants’ needs.
? Unemployed village youths or other members of the community are trained to construct and provide maintenance services for these systems, therefore generating local employment.
? The increased availability of basic infrastructure reduces the pressure to migrate to urban centers for inhabitants of rural areas, especially its younger population.
? Further benefits include the ability to produce organic fertilizer and water suitable for irrigation purposes
Together Egypt believes that there are two options in order to sustain operation and maintenance of the system, once it has been installed completely:
? By establishing an independent committee or NGO which is rooted in and controlled by the local community. Its responsibilities include operating and maintaining the system as well as generating revenue by collecting the previously agreed-on monthly operating fees.
? By turning over control of the system to the local government (for example in form of a water and waste management holding company), which would be in charge of operation and maintenance as well as fee collection.
Together Egypt highly encourages employing the first option, as we are convinced that this would create a stronger, more direct community involvement and greater sense of ownership among the local population. As has been previously outlined, this is key element in Together Egypt’s strategy and essential to the success of our business model.
There is no information about costs for maintenance currently available for this plan.
1- Deliver the sanitation service for 100% of targeted houses.
2- Use the retreated water in irrigation and enlarge the agriculture area.