WASH Plan


Clean Environment by Creating Sewage System for Rural Egyptian Community
1 location in Egypt
Focus: Sanitation - Community; Wastewater Treatment
Implementation dates: January 1, 2013 to December 1, 2013
Planned impact: 10,302 people
Status: Approved - Needs Funding
$568,144 estimated project cost
$488,324 requested
$0 funded to date
Peer Review Average Score: 7
5 reviews submitted
5 discussion participants

Summary

Its community based viable model to improve water quality, sanitation and public health in rural areas through low-cost sewage systems. Together Association has improved the traditional one chamber, stand-alone septic tank that serves one household by off

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Background

Egypt’s main source of freshwater is the Nile River. The river supplies 56.8 billion m³ of freshwater every year, which represents 97 % of all renewable water resources in Egypt. Average rainfall in Egypt is estimated at 18 mm or 1.8 billion m³ per year. Furthermore, Egypt has four different groundwater aquifers: the Nile Aquifer, the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer, the Moghra Aquifer and the Coastal Aquifer.
These figures give the impression that Egypt is a water rich country and for the last 15 years, the vast majority of villages in the Minya Governorate (Upper Egypt) have been gradually connected to the drinking water network, leading to a significant increase of water consumption. While this has been a generally pleasing development, the increasing supply of water unfortunately has not been coupled with the necessary installation of related sanitation systems. This is because the high costs for government-proposed sewage systems (up-front investment of roughly $450 per citizen) often turn out to be too high for the small rural communities making up a majority of the Minya Governorate. Furthermore, widespread poverty and low levels of education have often prevented the rapid adoption of appropriate technologies through local initiatives or the private sector.
Going forward, the ministry's ten year development plan of 2010 continues to aim at delivering drinking water to villages, but does not sufficiently focus on developing the corresponding sanitation systems which are required. This is highly critical, because the free discharge of wastewater in streets and canals brings about serious consequences for the communities, such as the pollution of the ground and irrigation waters, damage to the foundations of buildings, and spread of harmful insects. As a result the proliferation of diseases is fostered, the local economy is negatively impacted (fewer days worked, bad harvests due to pollution) and social tensions among the villagers are created. The low quality of life and deterioration of the environment in the majority of rural areas in Egypt has also contributed to a loss of pride and sense of belonging to one's village and has accelerated the rural exodus.

Files

Location

Clean Environment by Creating Sewage System for Rural Egyptian Community

Malawi district , Egypt

Impact

Focus

Primary focus:
Sanitation - Community
Secondary focus:
Wastewater Treatment

People Getting Safe Drinking Water

300

300 householders needed to be connected with water

People Getting Sanitation

10,000

1000 houses (the whole community citizens)

Schoolchildren Getting Water

2

People Getting Other Benefits

500 houses in neighbor village

Implementation

Application type:
project
Start date:
January 1, 2013
Completion date:
December 1, 2013

Technology Used

Approach
Preventing the groundwater from pollution that resulted from the use of poor communities to the old methods to get rid of wastewater and toilet's waste ,also improve the quality of overall environment ,maintain health and reduce the incidence of diseases through the implementation of low –cost sanitation model to apply in various locations ( rural areas / random hamlets ) and also reuse the sanitation's treated water in irrigation.
The Technology
1. House connection: is a Pipe a connection between any house and the gravity pipe system, to dispose wastewater from the house to collection system.
2. Gravity lines: implemented in the streets to collect wastewater from houses.
3. Lift station: A concrete underground sump to collect wastewater and pump it to wastewater treatment plant
4. Force main: the pipe that delivery wastewater from the lift station to the treatment plant
5. Treatment plant: It located on the drain and used natural simple way to treat wastewater.

Phases

The project divided into three phases
1- Phase one (Community adaption)3 months
2- Phase two (Constructions and house connections)6 months
3- Phase three ( Operation the model)

Community Organization

Through Together Association strategy in working into communities to ensure sustainability from the earlier stages of our projects by two ways.
1- Establish new community based association from the villagers whom interested with the project and supported the idea, build their capacities to follow up on the constructions , collect the community contributions and manage and maintain the system in-cooperation with TA and by their own selves after the end of the project.
2- Or if the association is already founded TA take the same previous procedures of built their capacities and trained them and cooperate with them through the project phases.

Government Interaction

The government in Egypt will be involved and supported the project in several ways.
1-Give the needed licenses for constructions' work in case that all the work on agriculture lands and it always being governmental appropriate (Ministry of agriculture).
2- Supervise the operation of the system to ensure the quality of its capacity (Ministry of irrigation).
3- The needed approvals for TA to work in a this grant from the Ministry of Solidarity

Ancillary Activities

The project consists of Ancillary Activities such as.
1- Health campaigns to heal and check the diseases between the community citizens.
2- Awareness campaigns for the women house holders to aware them with the advantages of the new system and how to deal with it.
3- Culture campaigns for the community children to educate them about the new technology and the civilized traditions.

Other Issues

? Improved public health in the local community, mainly because of the availability of better sanitation and a safer water supply.
? Lower costs for communities compared to government-proposed sewage systems that often call for massive investments, thus increasing the likelihood that a community will actually be able to develop a system that meets its inhabitants’ needs.
? Unemployed village youths or other members of the community are trained to construct and provide maintenance services for these systems, therefore generating local employment.
? The increased availability of basic infrastructure reduces the pressure to migrate to urban centers for inhabitants of rural areas, especially its younger population.
? Further benefits include the ability to produce organic fertilizer and water suitable for irrigation purposes

Sustainability

Maintenance Revenue

Together Egypt believes that there are two options in order to sustain operation and maintenance of the system, once it has been installed completely:
? By establishing an independent committee or NGO which is rooted in and controlled by the local community. Its responsibilities include operating and maintaining the system as well as generating revenue by collecting the previously agreed-on monthly operating fees.
? By turning over control of the system to the local government (for example in form of a water and waste management holding company), which would be in charge of operation and maintenance as well as fee collection.
Together Egypt highly encourages employing the first option, as we are convinced that this would create a stronger, more direct community involvement and greater sense of ownership among the local population. As has been previously outlined, this is key element in Together Egypt’s strategy and essential to the success of our business model.

Maintenance Cost

There is no information about costs for maintenance currently available for this plan.

Metrics

1- Deliver the sanitation service for 100% of targeted houses.
2- Use the retreated water in irrigation and enlarge the agriculture area.

Financial

Cost

$568,144

the detailed budget is attached

Co-funding

$0

No additional existing funding details are currently available.

Community Contribution

$79,819

Buying the land for the treatment unit- house connection - and 30% from the water supplying.

Funds Requested

$488,324

Files

Discussion

egypt
On the face of it it makes sense to have a sewage/atewater treatment system moer or less using gravity as a delivery approach
Have similar or other systems being implemented somewhere near the chosen place?
Again, background info is not enough to give a clear feedback

Juergen
Posted by Juergen Puetz, PALMYRA, on August 7, 2012 at 7:55am
Egypt
The System is a unique idea and implemented just by our organization, and this system is developed to serve the areas that lake of the sanitation service and far from the governmental sanitation system.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on August 27, 2012 at 2:17pm Submitter Comment
It is mentioned that a barrier to ensuring people adequate services is the upfront cost. What does on going operation and maintenance look like? Will folks in the community be required to pay a monthly fee and if so, what does that rate look like and is that an affordable rater for the residents?

Finally, is the only barrier to connect to the larger sewer systems the upfront costs? Have you compared the pros and cons of connecting, i.e. long term benefits of having larger economies of scale?
Maria
Posted by Laurel Firestone, Community Water Center, on August 8, 2012 at 6:09pm
The system is a social service and to be obvious its not an economic project, the monthly fees which payed by the beneficiaries they already payed it to use the traditional way to get rid of the sewage and used water.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on August 27, 2012 at 2:21pm Submitter Comment
maintenance
It is indeed a very good, large scale project. Here are my concerns, as per the internet research, please correct me if I am wrong, 90% of Malawi are based on agriculture and 53% are categorized as living below poverty line (BPL) so how do you expect this population to pay for the maintenance in the form of bill or tax that I understand would be 1/10th the cost of traditional system provided by the government? There is a great sustainability issue here that can only be assessed after the 1st project becomes functional and some sort of statistical evaluation is undertaken. Do you have any plan to do this assessment, if so, when?
A question out of interest, do you need to pay any 'speed money or bribe' to obtain license in Malawi other than the stipulated fees?
Thank you and all the best with this project.
Posted by Meera Hira-Smith, Project Well, on August 8, 2012 at 10:52pm
maintenance

please see attach the report of last project and the new Photo of our project . Thanks
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on August 12, 2012 at 10:16pm Submitter Comment
Current situation
Dear Sameh and Team Together,

You are doing an ambitious job by taking on the responsibility of the gov't (in most cases) and creating a sewage system for a village.

A few questions about your current situation:

Your summary is cut off, so i cannot tell what you meant by: "the traditional one chamber, stand-alone septic tank that serves one household by off ".

Can you describe the current situation better? In the dry arid climate with very dry soil conditions does not water quickly go deep in the ground? Do your septic tanks dry up quickly and are more effective (esp. more than septic tanks in other places)?

Maybe the current pits are not good. Would well designed septic tanks at a household (or group of households) level work?

Thanks,
Rajesh
Posted by Georgia Davis, Blue Planet Network, on August 14, 2012 at 11:49am
Current situation
Please see desiccation for the system components and you will understand the difference between the already existed traditional way and the technology of our system.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on August 16, 2012 at 12:48pm Submitter Comment
Current situation
I have gone thru the documents and i am not clear what desiccation (or description) you are referring to. I understand the difference between existing and your system. My questions are around ways of improving the current system that do not involve large dependence on energy.

Oil and energy are pretty abundant and cheap in Egypt which is not true for all the other locations that projects are being considered in.

So the above question and the one below are related in that its enquiring about alternatives.

Regards,
Rajesh
Posted by Georgia Davis, Blue Planet Network, on August 27, 2012 at 3:32pm
Alternatives

When i look at your design, i see that the lift station (the common point in the village) acts like a settler. In your other projects how often do you have to pump it out? How often do you have to empty the sludge that gathers at the bottom?
How do you deal with the gases there?

I see a couple of other alternative design:

A) you could have all the sewage lines not come to the center, but to one edge of the village. You might have to start the sewage lines a bit higher at the far end of the village and have the final collection be a bit lower and maybe use a slightly wider dia pipe.

This way you could avoid the pumping station altogether and build the treatment plant at the end with full gravity feed. This will save energy and costs and a process step.

And you could capture the biogas at the first stage and provide fuel for cooking.

B) have you considered anaerobic systems that will not need aeration or pumping? They could be fully gravity fed systems and not need any pumps.

Thanks,
Rajesh
Posted by Georgia Davis, Blue Planet Network, on August 14, 2012 at 11:58am
Alternatives
1- In the rural areas we can not do without the pumping station because the nature of land is straight and the cost of dived the village for higher and lower area will be so expensive in comparison with cost of installing pump station.
2- The pump station is ensure massive power in pumping the water to ensure not remaining of any sediments in the lines.

Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on August 16, 2012 at 1:16pm Submitter Comment
Alternatives
In our community we have created an STP at one corner. So its fully gravity driven with no pumping at all. And using anaerobic treatment so no aeration is needed.

The sewage from the furthest points travels over 500m and we have seen no problems (other than the occasional block).

If your villages are not much bigger you might in the future want to consider a non-energy dependent system.

Regards,
Rajesh
Posted by Georgia Davis, Blue Planet Network, on August 27, 2012 at 3:38pm
Planning and project question
Dear Sameh,

Your project timeline is one year for this. How long did it take to execute the previous system? Do you feel your learnings will help you achieve this timeline?

Your detailed budget reflects the organizations activity and commitment to this project. Do you have capacity or plan to be able to execute more than one such project presently or in the future? I believe you have a list of several communities where you want to implement treatment plants.

Regards,
Rajesh
Posted by Georgia Davis, Blue Planet Network, on August 27, 2012 at 3:47pm
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:30pm Submitter Comment
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:31pm Submitter Comment
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:32pm Submitter Comment
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:32pm Submitter Comment
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:33pm Submitter Comment
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:35pm Submitter Comment
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:36pm Submitter Comment
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:37pm Submitter Comment
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:38pm Submitter Comment
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:39pm Submitter Comment
Planning and project question
The project construction process just take eight or nine months included the house connections, and the rest three months for operation and train the community on how to use and maintain the system.
Our organization has an engineering administration with the ability to follow and implement several working sites at the same time.

That is right we have a list of more than one hundred villages need the service studied by us and in coordination with governmental institution.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:40pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
In the "Metrics to be Measured" section, we want a list of measurable and trackable impacts you hope to achieve.

Maybe it was not clear, but we are looking for specific metrics you will track at some frequency. As stated "PWX will soon offer the ability to track metrics (at differing frequency) to learn about actual operation and assess impact" with some examples.

Your metrics #1 refers to the completion of the project and #2 is also a status rather something we can track with a graph.

So can you provide some metrics that you will track that can be graphed as a time series? Could be water quality and water quantity (that gets used for irrigation).

Thanks,
Rajesh
Posted by Georgia Davis, Blue Planet Network, on August 27, 2012 at 3:51pm
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:52pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:53pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:53pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:53pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:53pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:53pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 12:54pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:02pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:05pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:05pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:05pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:05pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:06pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:06pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:07pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:08pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:09pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:09pm Submitter Comment
Metrics and long-term assessment
The metrics which sent previously is already measured and the focusing on the treated water quantity and the quality of this water and its availability for irrigation its depended on the beneficiaries number and the agriculture area around the village.
Posted by Sameh seif, Together Association for Development and Environment, on September 12, 2012 at 1:09pm Submitter Comment

Ratings

8
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7
This is a very ambitious and large project and worthy of support. If the gov't does not create infrastructure, sometimes it is up to an NGO to build it!

It is important to consider alternatives in the future (if not for this one), for improving the capacity of the org to handle a couple of projects simultaneously and also ones that are a smaller burden on community to manage and support (energy and labour and maintenance).

Was hoping to see actual plan of using treated water, rather than a vision. And an explanation of how the community sees this water as related to water from the regular supply or the Nile.
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0
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6
This looks like a well thought out project and very ambitious. However, as i have little expertise on sewage systems, I will leave the more thorough reviews to the experts.
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7
This is indeed a needed project in any developing/underdeveloped community but expensive to maintain. Suggestion to get finance for maintenance is from the corporate companies operating in those areas like cell phone giants and tobacco since most revenue comes from tobacco from the rural population.
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