The Progarmme aims to construct 10 Eco San Toilets in Village Dattpur of Shohratgarh Block Of district Siddharthnagar. Village is also known as Madarahna.
People living in Dattpur village are dependent on agriculture and poor .Total Population of village is 400 & number of household is 42. 328 belong to backward class and 72 to Schedule Caste. There are only 2 toilets in whole village. One is government made & another private. Thus 95 % household defecates openly in village. Open defecation in rural area of Block Shohratgarh is big concern. It leads to soil contamination, surface and groundwater pollution as well as invitation to disease like typhoid, cholera, diarrhea JE/AES (Japanese /Acute Encephalitis Syndrome). Japanese encephalitis is a viral disease that infects animals and humans. It is transmitted by mosquitoes and cause inflammation of the membranes around the brain of affected human being. Mostly children are affected by this disease. Human excrement that villager leave each day in fields of paddy, potatoes Etc. & on banks of water sources which are used for drinking. In This way Infections are related to excreta in two ways: the pathogens leave the original host’s body through excreta, or one of the vectors of the disease benefits from the lack of adequate sanitary structures or from accessible excreta. Several disease-groups leave the body through excreta. Though, there is vaccine to prevent the disease. But, After Survey in village, It was found that crisis for girls are especially acute: Many drops out of school, once they reach puberty because of inadequate lavatories in schools. On other hand, people having toilets are not aware about basic such as relation of groundwater & discharges from a toilet.
Most of people are dependent on agriculture & as per requirement they also develop kitchen garden. Development of Eco San Toilet will provide them toilet facilities & fertilizers both. So, It is inevitable that model eco san toilets to be develop in Dattpur village. This action is not only a step towards prevention of open defecation but also sensitize people about benefit of toilets to community. The Programme does not focus on achieving only targets But on transforming behaviour of people. Health and hygiene promotion to mothers is key to improve the children’s behaviour and reduce the risks of open defecation by children. The focus is to replicate or multiplying the number of eco san toilets in future too rather than socio-engineering of the concept in the lives of the rural people. Construction of toilets is just one part of programme; the Inevitable step is to make people use them.
Construction of 10 Eco San Toilets in Village Dattpur of Shohratgarh Block, District Siddharthnagar.
Average number of members in family is 9. Done survey & Meeting in the village.
At least 4 new Masons will get trained about ECOSAN Toilets. While 3new staff of SES capacity will build. So, they can easily replicate it in future.
SES has already constructed 10 ECO SAN Toilets in Agaya Village of Shohratgarh Block. We have documented the construction very well & taken feedback from beneficiary. The video shall be shown to targeted community in community meetings in Dattpur Village. Through meetings, Community will sensitize people on benefit of having eco san toilets in their house. With help of already existed SHG, families will be selected where toilet has to be constructed. The most important thing women are members of these group & they can help in change behavior of whole family regarding sanitation especially usage of toilets.
The programme shall use ceramic eco san pan.
It’ll complete in one phase. Funding will be in one part i.e. eco san toilets
The project is to be implemented involving the Self Help Group in the village. It will be implemented with active participation of members. They will plan, execute and monitor the programme.
Central Government has started Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA).Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) is programme to ensure sanitation facilities in rural areas with broader goal to eradicate the practice of open defecation. It gives nominal subsidy in the form of incentive is given to rural poor households for construction of toilets. It gives strong emphasis on Information, Education and Communication (IEC), Capacity Building and Hygiene Education for effective behaviour change with involvement of PRIs, CBOs, and NGOs etc. Individual household latrines (IHHL) is one intervention areas of NBA are other than School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE), Community Sanitary Complex, Anganwadi toilets supported by Rural Sanitary Marts (RSMs) and Production Centers (PCs). The main goal of the GOI is to eradicate the practice of open defecation by 2017.
Considering NBA & conditions of sanitation in these villages, SES has conceptualized idea of ECO SAN Toilets. Organization will like to bring some subsidy from relevant government department.SES shall also organized meeting with government officials after construction of toilets.
At least 3 new members of SES & 4 masons will be trained on construction of ECO SAN Toilet. SES is building capacity of its staff because it would like to replicate aforesaid model in other places at large. 4 Masons will be trained to understand the process & guide other when it’ll be replicated in neighbouring villages.
One of reason people is not using government made toilets because most of them are not constructed fully. Toilets are made in low budget which no wants to use.
Government funds were given to the people without any discussion or meeting. People were not aware about the end product, they got money they build a small structure in their houses. It was also found that some people use constructed toilet as store room. We need to change behavior & attitude of beneficiary other than construction of infrastructure
Eco san toilet will be maintained by beneficiaries in village.
For sustainability of 10 eco san toilets, we will monitor all toilets regularly after construction. Monitoring will be done by next financial year end(March 2)015. It will also try to know number of family members using constructed toilets. If some of them are not using, what is the reason?? Monitoring will also look over major factor such as social acceptance & reactions by others, viewpoint of beneficiary & others after members, cleanliness of pan as well as toilets, way of management & usage of feaces & urine.adopted hygine practices adopted etc.
In villages, SHG members will also be linked to bank, so other can also construct eco san toilets. They will aware & their capacity is build.
Orientation of Staff
Public Awareness in Village
Community Meeting in Village
Training of Masons & Staff
Identification of beneficiaries
Planning of each toilets
Delivery of EcoSan Pan
Construction of Each Toilet
Post Construction Visit